|Premiere||21 August, 1985|
|Venue||U2 Universal Theatre, Fitzroy, Victoria|
THE HAUNTED was created by Handspan after a lengthy period of international touring with Secrets (1983-85) through which they found themselves Australian cultural ambassadors. This unwittingly assumed mantle revealed their collective ignorance of Australia’s indigenous history, and inspired their interest in newly emerging contemporary perspectives of their colonial past. Their experience of discovery itself became the basis of their new play.
THE HAUNTED was devised by the Handspan ensemble with director Peter Oyston, composer Gregory Sneddon, designer Ken Evans, lighting designer Philip Lethlean, producer/dramaturg Helen Rickards and the original cast. It premiered in Melbourne at the 1985 Next Wave Festival and then toured to the Breakout Festival in Alice Springs.
The initial stimulus for the work was the story of Derrimut, an aboriginal boy from the Melbourne area. His friendship with settler, Willie Watkins in 1836, if it had not been betrayed, was the kind of relationship that might have built a very different Australia. Peter Charlton, Melbourne playwright and director, brought the story and the early writings of contemporary Australian historian, Henry Reynolds2 to Handspan and worked with the company to begin to develop a new perspective of Australia's cultural roots towards visualisation on stage.
The project was further influenced by the emerging review of Australia’s colonial and pre-colonial history that was brought to public recognition and debate during Victoria’s Sesquicentenary (1985) and the, then forthcoming, Australian Bicentenary commemorations (1988).
A fortuitous meeting3 in Alice Springs between Ken Evans and Central Australian cultural advisor, Clive Scollay, led to the opportunity for the evolving work to be further researched in a cultural exchange residency at Angajta outstation in South Australia. It led too, to Handspan’s engagement of Peter Oyston to develop and direct the work through a Theatre Laboratory experience based on Peter Brook’s methods that created The Conference of the Birds in Africa4.
This process substantially altered the play’s evolution. Charlton was no longer interested in the work, and it became, in Oyston’s words:
|Desert Dreaming and practice|
Handspan artists, Oyston and composer, Greg Sneddon spent two weeks in Australia’s central desert, in June 1985 where Pitjantjatjara elders, Nganyintja, Ilyatjari and Tjilari shared their traditional culture, stories, bush tucker and inma at Angatja Outstation. The Elders generously gave the company permission to reference their stories, memories and landscape in the play, and recorded their voices and music for inclusion in its soundscape.
The desert experience was an eye-opener for all, and the company’s newly awakened awareness of, and curiosity about, Australia’s indigenous past became the foundation for the completed work.
Performer Avril McQueen recalled the importance of the experience on the company's return to Melbourne:
During the residency, the company discussed and recorded their individual and collective responses to the landscape and the material and influences to which they had been introduced by their host community. Performance ideas were workshopped with Handspan's white generic Baby Puppet8 exploring the landscape and its unknown and ancient newness. (see Haunted Roadshow)
Isolated from the main camp, the performers in character, spent 3 days and nights immersed in dramatic improvisation to explore their reactions to group survival in an unknown environment. Oyston dropped into the scenario from time to time to introduce stimulus directives for improvisation, and observed the 'living theatre' activity overtly and covertly throughout. This intense workshop informed the characters and narrative through line of the play.
The project activity was filmed by documentary company Kestrel Films, who shared the desert retreat and recorded sound with Greg Sneddon for the play's soundscape. Independently, Richard Neville and his film crew from The Ray Martin Show joined the final night Inma hosted by the Anganu community. It was Handspan's last night in the desert and lively white fella debate around the visitors' campfire added another perspective.
THE HAUNTED was billed as a 'visual search for cultural identity' and focussed on Australia’s 200 year old collision of cultures and our colonial difficulty in coming to terms with our adopted land. The production aimed to represent its narrative through images and sounds of the landscape in which the play was conceived. It was the place through which random white fella characters sought to find their way after a head-on encounter with the unknown environment.
The play opened with the entrance and crash of a remote control model Toyota Landcruiser into the landscape. Surrounded by the dots, circles and clumped, straight spinifex of the landscape, the dazed passengers (actors) emerged to stagger, squabble and brawl. Their urban sensibilities and backgrounds affronted and confronted by the unknown surroundings. The land itself, represented in imagery and sound, settled them - all but one found new perspectives.
No indigenous performers were in the work other than in recorded voices on the soundtrack, nor were there were onstage representations of aboriginal people or appropriation of indigenous stories. The play attempted to express the awakening, the questions, the confusion and awe provoked by the company's own experience in the desert, and to contextualise its concepts for provocative theatrical performance.
The concept and style of the work was widely applauded:
The creation and development of THE HAUNTED was an ambitious undertaking and one fraught with intensity, uncertainty and some confrontation. Oyston had little experience in theatre of imagery; Handspan artists had determination but under-confidence in the narrative strength of their ideas; appropriate recognition of indigenous material was complex; the company ensemble expanded to include former Victorian College of the Arts students trained by Oyston, and although willing participants, they too were unversed in theatre of image; and the production timeline was incredibly short. See The Haunted Production Schedule 1985.
THE HAUNTED opened at Melbourne’s first Next Wave Festival and toured to the Breakout Festival in Alice Springs. It was received with acclaim for its images and concepts but its underlying narrative shape and characters were insubstantial and the general consensus from critics and company alike was that it was extraordinary but needed further work.
Geoffrey Hutton, reviewer at The Australian wrote:
Leonard Radic at The Age in Melbourne, compared it with Handspan's previous work and hoped it would develop further:
By the time it opening in its second season in Alice Springs, attended by the Anangu community its had run in and evolved further:
The play’s unique design and poignantly haunting soundtrack were memorable and its concepts, unresolved though they may have been, were ground-breaking subject matter for the stage of its time.
Handspan had hoped it would be another work for international touring, and it may so have eventuated but the company was unable to afford its further development, or fit a re-working schedule into its forthcoming program, Ground-breaking but incomplete, THE HAUNTED lapsed from the company repertoire after only two seasons.
- Review: The Haunted is great theatre Broadmeadows Observer, 4 September 1985
- Henry Reynolds: The Other Side of the Frontier, Penguin Books Australia, 1982
- At Alice Springs opening of I-Con, Visual art Installation created by Ken Evans, Laurel Frank & Sue Grounds 1984
- John Heilpern: Conference of the Birds: The Story of Peter Brook in Africa, Faber & Faber, UK 1977
- Baby designed originally for Cho Cho San, 1984
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|Devised & developed||Peter Oyston and the company|
|Lighting designer/operator||Philip Lethlean|
|Cultural Liaison||Clive Scollay|
|Puppet makers||Philip Millar, Dorothy Rickards (Kangaroo puppet)|
|Manipulation director||Peter J.Wilson|
|Script Research assistant||Joy Dewey|
|Scenic painting||Gina Wardlaw, Pierangela Giansiracusa|
|Production assistants||Jodi Cummings, Chris Pawlowicz, Shane Walls, Simone Speechley, Jo Coates.|
|Production crew||Laurel Frank, David Shepherd|
|Sound Engineer||Doron Kipen|
|Stage manager||David Hope|
|Film crew||Kestrel Film Productions: John Richardson, David Morgan, Terry Carlyon, Ian Cameron|
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|21 August – 1 September, 1995||U2 Universal Theatre, Fitzroy VIC, Next Wave Festival|
|9 - 11 October, 1985||Araluen Cultural Centre, Alice Springs NT, Breakout Festival|
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