|Premiere||7 March, 1986|
Multicultural Arts Victoria Vol 2, No 2
A CHANGE OF FACE was created by Handspan Theatre at the instigation of Carmelina Di Guglielmo, inspired by her own experience of growing up in Melbourne in a migrant family in the 1960s and 70s.
Carmelina’s experience in touring to Italy with Secrets in 1983 had given her a new perspective on her own cultural roots. The means for her to express it was the outcome of both her Rusden College training and her previous collaboration with Handspan to create Prime Time (1980).
Andrea joined Handspan for The Haunted (1985), a production based on first-hand research in which she was a key contributor. The experience fired her ambition to apply similar precepts to her playwriting on other themes of social justice. A CHANGE OF FACE was her first professional play based on in-depth research, and many others have followed, including Banquet for Handspan in 1989.
Carmelina and Andrea visited Melbourne metropolitan high schools and inner-city English language centres catering for new immigrants, to observe student behaviour and attitudes and to discuss multi-cultural issues and cross-cultural communication with students. With other Handspan artists, they extended the experience through puppetry and drama workshops in schools, exchanging skills and information around the topic and recording oral histories.
Before the work began, they had expected to find that tensions which had been evident for children of Australia’s post-war migrant influx of the 1950s and 60s would have dissipated by the enlightened 1980s. They were shocked in their research to find that little had changed since Carmelina’s schooldays when ‘wogs’ and ‘dagos’ were bullied and ostracised.
A CHANGE OF FACE followed the story of Linda (the ‘Skip’) who, after moving into inner city Melbourne with her mother after a family break-up, changes schools and encounters classmates from diverse cultural backgrounds. In this milieu, Linda is the odd one out, but not as odd as her friend Hoan, a recently arrived migrant from Vietnam.
The play moved between the school yard and home life for its protagonists: Linda, from several generations of British-Australian stock; Angelo, a second generation Italo-Australian and Angela, a second-generation Greek-Australian, both with families whose home life was firmly entrenched in pre-war European cultural traditions; and Hoan, recently escaped from war-torn Vietnam, and an orphan. The play dramatised the students’ conflicts and the differences in their backgrounds. The trauma of teenage racism and cross generational tension in their world was sharply drawn.
Actors, all from culturally specific backgrounds, played the teenage students. Puppets retold the stories of their parents and illustrated their various ethnic circumstances, perspectives and experience. Reviewer, Anna Epstein from Multicultural Arts Victoria recognised the play’s basis in reality:
Design for A CHANGE OF FACE was simple and tourable. Puppet characters were worn as costumes and operated by an innovative manipulation technique that, with the puppet head secured in front of the actor’s own masked face, animated their different stories of migration and integration into Australian society. Moveable screens slid and revolved from scene to scene as the play portrayed arguments at home and brutal bullying and racist name calling in the classroom. Desperation finally provoked near violence, averted, in the schoolyard. Friendships were established as individual similarities became obvious, and tentative overtures towards mutual understanding were broached.
Student audiences were moved and engaged by a work which mirrored their own situations and unmasked well-recognised behaviours.
The play was a bold and exciting production for high school audiences and an affirmative step for young multi-cultural artists emerging in Australia at the time. Roberto Micale and Mary Coustas, in the play Angelo and Angela respectively, created its sequel Who Are You? in 1987 with Handspan. In the same year, Wogs Out of Work,2 which explored similar issues through comedy, involved some of these artists and led to a decade of stage and television success and theatrical representation of multicultural community realities in Australia.
A CHANGE OF FACE played over 100 performances in 1986 in Melbourne metropolitan high schools, appeared at the 1987 World ASSITEJ Conference3 in Adelaide, and toured for the Victorian and South Australian Arts Councils to regional areas in those states.
For Handspan, it was again a new work that grew from the vision of company artists to make sense of their own environment and circumstances and to portray their concerns and sensibilities in accessible and dynamic theatre for social change.
|Linda & Hoan’s mother||Sally Minter (1986); Harriet Spalding (1987)|
|Hoan & Angelo’s father||Tony Le|
|Angela & Linda’s mother||Mary Coustas|
|Angelo & Angela’s mother||Roberto Micale|
|7 March – August||Melbourne metropolitan secondary schools|
|January - April||Victorian Arts Council Schools Program|
|May||International ASSITEJ Conference, Come Out Festival, Adelaide South Australia|
|June||South Australian Arts Council|