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No Right Angles in Paradise

Premiere 26 September, 1989
Venue U2, Universal Theatre

puppeteers with miniature merry-go-round

No Right Angles in Paradise
Photograph: © Ponch Hawkes,1990

The objects are all vaguely significant ... and none of this comes together in any way you can make sense of, but the total effect is so beautiful to watch it doesn't seem to matter::

John McCallum: The Australian, 20 March, 1992



NO RIGHT ANGLES IN PARADISE was devised, designed and directed by Ken Evans and originally produced by his company SLAVE TO THE IMAGE in early 1989, supported by an Individual Grant from the Australia Council for the Arts for its development.

Created to explore the magical arts with puppetry illusion and black theatre in a collaboration between Ken and Melbourne magician, Sam Angelico, it was Ken's first independent work, developed during a breather from his full-time Handspan commitment after 12 years work. It was nevertheless developed from the outset with Handspan artists, puppeteers, Michele Spooner and Winston Appleyard and dramaturg, Gilly Farrelly.

In 1991, the play was absorbed into Handspan's repertoire and adapted to tour with the company's vignette production Women Alone.


man watching puppet balance on miniature diving board

Sam Angelico, the Magister
'commands the stage and wills it to life'3

Photograph: © Ponch Hawkes,1990

boy apprentice puppet

The magician's apprentice

Photograph5: © Ponch Hawkes,1990

blank-faced man and woman puppets with hooded puppeteer

'a blackly comic scene in which a man and a woman keep sticking knives into each other and then pulling them out - and making up'9

Photograph: © Ponch Hawkes 1990

blue and gold columns flanking puppet on pedestal

Stage set with boy apprentice

Photographer unknown: 1989


(Click photos to enlarge)

The title, NO RIGHT ANGLES IN PARADISE was inspired by ideas of 'Paradise':

A place where time stands still ... the state in which heaven is so close to earth that it can be reached by climbing a tree.

J.C.Cooper1'1987

In Paradise, nothing is ever 'wrong', or 'as it seems'.


These metaphoric definitions informed both the production's conceptual development and its design interpretation.

Black art magic and black theatre puppetry: ancient theatrical forms which cloak backdrops and puppeteers in darkness so that thin shafts of light reveal only the puppet moving seemingly unaided.

Handspan Theatre: Promotional copy 1991


The play tells the story is of a puppet apprentice whose naivety and open-hearted nature is confounded by his master, the Magister. With resonances of The Sorcerer's Apprentice4 the young apprentice, eager to understand the world and acquire knowledge, is confronted by the darkness of his master's belief that ultimately, there is 'nothing to know'.

The story evolved out of the ideas of game playing and rituals, and the passing on of knowledge. Although the Magister sounds sinister, Evans insists that he is really a 'good guy' and that a pivot of the play is the father-child relationship. He teaches the boy about love and imagination. The are a lot of questions ... but the story resolves itself and I think it gives some answers

Jayne Dullard: Interview with Ken Evans, Northcote Leader, 27 February 1991


Sam Angelico, a professional magician for over 20 years, shared the stage with Handspan's puppets, softening his widely-known magician character and its demonic cackle for a more compassionate side ... he opened the performance by conjuring two of his doves out of thin air and setting then on ornate columns that flanked the stage. He saw the work as a simple story about a magician and his apprentice. He thought of the puppet 'as a real boy, growing and changing during the play ... we were going on a journey together.'6

The play's simple staging of vignette scenes performed with miniature bunraku objects, rod puppets and 'robotic wizardry',7 was both moving and exquisite to observe. The delicately manipulated small objects were a stark contrast to the abrupt and sudden dark trickery of magical illusions. The boy apprentice, a puppet with an endearing face had an empty, wire-frame head in which he carried the symbols that he earned in his encounters with the Magister. Gradually, as the child's head filled, it began to reflect his master's own 'intricate headpiece which swirls and turns and spews out flammable ticker-tape whenever he has an idea'.8

Critics were impressed:

I live in the vain hope of seeing the perfect black theatre puppet illusion. 'No Right Angles in Paradise' goes close to that ideal ...a beguiling blend of black magic and puppetry the high point of the production is a miniature puppet show ... the tiny dolls are manipulated with such expression they almost come alive.

Chris Boyd: The Melbourne Times, 6 March, 1991

A show which well earns the right to be place in the Adelaide Festival's oddly named 'visual theatre' section.

John McCallum: The Australian, 20 March, 1992


In 1992 when Handspan toured the production in a Japan-Australia cultural program the company both presented the work and used it as stimulus for artist-led exchange workshops::

I really want you to know how much we enjoyed having you as one of the participants of the Kawaguchi Festival. It was a great opportunity for us that we could produce such a nice relationship with many Australian artists through all the works we have created together and all the performances you have shown us.

Michiko Aoki, P.A.T., Tokyo, 9 August, 1992


The Festival performances in Japan were the production's final season. Sam's engagements as a solo magician made the project with the Handspan ensemble financially unviable for him, and his magical mastery was irreplaceable. At the same time Handspan had appointed a new Artistic Director, from outside the company membership, David Baird, who was keen to explore his own projects.


  1. J.C. Cooper,An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Traditional Symbols, Thames & Hudson, 1987
  2. Fiona Scott-Norman: Interview with Michele Spooner, Inpress, Melbourne, 27 February, 1991
  3. Jayne Dullard: Interview with Ken Evans, Northcote Leader, 27 February 1991
  4. Disney: Fantasia, 1940
  5. Private collection: Ken Evans
  6. Clare Kermond: Interview with Sam Angelico, "The Melbourne Times", 27 February, 1991
  7. - 9. John McCallum: Review. The Australian, 20 March, 1992


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Creative team
Devised & designed Ken Evans
Director Ken Evans
Magician Sam Angelico
Dramaturg Gilly Farrelly (McInnes)
Lighting design Philip Lethlean
Sound design Andree Grenwell
Production team
Lighting operator Philip Lethlean
Production assistance Carmelina Di Guglielmo, Helen Rickards, Paul Newcombe, Frey Holly-Evans
Seasons
26 - 30 September 1989 Presented by SLAVE TO THE IMAGE
U2, Universal Theatre, Fitzroy, Spoleto Fringe Festival
12 - 18 March 1990 Presented by SLAVE TO THE IMAGE
Lion Theatre, Living Arts Centre Adelaide Fringe Festival
28 February - 17 March 1991 U2 Universal Theatre, Fitzroy
17 - 21 March 1992 Cottage Theatre, Adelaide Festival of Arts, South Australia
22 - 24 July 1992 Kawaguchi World Festival Fusion 1992, Japan






No Right Angles in Paradise

Company outside Cottage Theatre, Adelaide Festival of Arts, 1992

Company snapshot, 1992

(Click photo to enlarge)

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Mainstage: